Emergency situation - the situation in the country, which leads to a sudden and serious threat to human life or health, and other losses.
The extreme situations can be categorized into:
- Natural - climatic changes causing natural disasters, massive forest and peat bog fires, hazardous geological phenomena, particularly dangerous or massive epidemics, epizootic;
- Technical - disorders of various technological processes, resulting in fires, explosions, discharge of chemical and radioactive contaminants, collapsing buildings, transport accidents, crashes of energetic, pipelines and other extreme events specific to industrial facilities and communications;
- Organic - the changes in land condition, atmospheric composition and properties, hydrosphere state;
- Social - mass riots and disturbance, blockades, provocations, sabotage, acts of terrorism, including military actions in country or neighboring territory.